3 Steps for Treating Lingering Dark Spots and Acne Scars
When it comes to the most frequently asked skincare questions, “how to treat hyperpigmentation” tops the list. The term itself delivers nearly 5 million results on Google, and personally, our Skin Hotline is constantly buzzing with recommendations for evening out tone and diminishing dark spots and acne scars.
If you struggle with hyperpigmentation, it’s safe to say you’re not alone. With the right cocktail of ingredients and a little bit of patience, however, there’s hope. Read everything you need to know below.
What Is Hyperpigmentation?The meaning of hyperpigmentation is just what it sounds like: an excess of pigment in the skin, resulting in darker spots and patches. It’s a rather broad term that covers a multitude of skin concerns, explains Dr. Nancy Samolitis, MD board-certified dermatologist and co-founder of Facile Dermatology. “This term includes the type of pigment that one gets from chronic sun exposure (like 'age spots'), melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation which is the category that acne scars fall into”.
What Causes Dark Spots and Scars?Hyperpigmentation is a common skin concern for many that can be caused by factors such as inflammation, sun damage, pregnancy, sun exposure, and acne. “When the skin is injured, whether it's a pimple, a burn, a rash, etc, the healing process can cause excess pigmentation to form and deposit into the deeper layer of the skin”, says Samolitis. If you want to prevent these spots from forming, make sure you’re wearing your SPF daily (because ”our skin makes more melanin when it's exposed to the sun”, explains Samolitis) and avoid picking and popping pimples—it’s time to break that habit!
How Can I Treat It?
When it comes to treating hyperpigmentation, Samolitis recommends combining three key steps for one effective, skin-brightening regimen:
Consistent exfoliation has several skincare benefits, but it’s a particularly important step when fading dark spots and acne scars. “First of all, we want to promote normal skin exfoliation so that this pigment can eventually come to the surface and be removed". Our Microcrystal Exfoliator gently buffs away dead skin cells, lifting away the hyperpigmentation and revealing fresh, plump skin underneath.
Next up, Samolitis recommends incorporating products that block melanin production—aka, brighten up the skin. She suggests two AHAs in particular: azelaic acid (to calm redness) and kojic acid (to even skin tone), both found in our Daily Brightening Solution. If you're specifically focused on aging skin and attempting to fade age spots (which, by the way, are a type of hyperpigmentation that occur as aging skin thins), reach for Auto-Save Advanced Restoring Serum. It actively defends against age spots while working to correct past damage.
And lastly, look for ingredients that build up your skin’s defense against sun damage such as vitamin C and vitamin E. Opt for our Found the Light powder to drop a dose of Vitamin C into any serums or moisturizers; we recommend Skin Soak for some vitamin E (which works even better when paired with vitamin C). And of course, don’t forget your sunscreen. “Obviously, sun protection is preferable with a mineral sunblock with an SPF of at least 30 or higher daily”, Samolitis adds.